Yi Wang, Assistant Professor & Extension Potato and Vegetable Production Specialist, UW- Madison, Dept. of Horticulture, 608-265-4781, Email: email@example.com.
On July 6th, we dug 10 Plover Russet (W9133-1rus) plants from every nitrogen application treatment in our plot (40, 180, and 240 lb N/acre). The N application records are shown below:
|N application||Date||N fertilizer||Applied N (lb/a)||Total N through July 6th (lb/a)|
|Starter at planting||5/1||Starter||40||40|
|Emergence (hilling)||5/21||Ammonium nitrate||70|
|Tuber initiation||6/12||Ammonium nitrate||70||180|
|Tuber initiation||6/12||Ammonium nitrate||130||240|
The tuber bulking data are shown here:
We can see that the average tuber set per plant is 11.6 under 40 units of N, which is the control treatment of this study. About half the tubers are lighter than 1oz.
Under 180 units of N, the maximum tuber weight is 4oz, compared to 3oz under the control. And the average tuber set is 8.1 per plant. Again about half of the tubers are lighter than 1oz.
Under 240 units of N, the maximum tuber weight is close to 9oz, compared to 3oz and 4oz under 40 and 180 units of N, respectively. And the average tuber set is 8.5 per plant. About 2/3 of the tubers are lighter than 1oz. e can see that even in a low N environment, the plants are setting more tubers in order to make the best use of the resources to grow, however they are not producing large tubers that may develop into marketable size. Under higher N rates, like 180 and 240 units of N, tuber set per plant is less but there are more large tubers that are bulking.
Amanda Gevens, Dept. Chair, Professor & Extension Specialist, UW-Madison Plant Pathology, firstname.lastname@example.org, Cell: 608-575-3029.
Current P-Day (Early Blight) and Disease Severity Value (Late Blight) Accumulations (Many thanks to Ben Bradford, UW-Madison Entomology; Stephen Jordan, UW-Madison Plant Pathology). A P-Day value of ≥300 indicates the threshold for early blight risk and triggers preventative fungicide application. A DSV of ≥18 indicates the threshold for late blight risk and triggers preventative fungicide application. Red text in table indicates threshold has been met/surpassed. TBD indicates that data is To Be Determined as time progresses. Weather data used in these calculations comes from weather stations that are placed in potato fields in each of the four locations. Data are available in graphical and raw data formats for each weather station at: https://vegpath.plantpath.wisc.edu/dsv/
|Location||Planting Date||50% Emergence Date||Disease Severity Values 7/11/20||Potato Physiological Days 7/11/20|
|Grand Marsh||Early||Apr 17||May 18||61||401|
|Mid||Apr 25||May 26||58||346|
|Late||May 6||June 1||55||305|
|Hancock||Early||Apr 8||May 18||37||412|
|Mid||Apr 20||May 25||35||362|
|Late||May 4||May 30||32||324|
|Plover||Early||Apr 10||May 23||44||363|
|Mid||Apr 20||May 30||38||309|
|Late||May 5||June 1||38||297|
|Antigo||Early||May 14||June 5||29||279|
|Mid||May 24||June 10||29||242|
|Late||Jun 1||June 17||28||194|
Late Blight Management: Our DSVs are reported here from emergence to July 11. Over the past few days we have accumulated near maximum DSVs for several sites/emergence dates due to heat and rains (albeit spotty). All plantings of potatoes in the Grand Marsh, Hancock, Plover, and Antigo areas have exceeded threshold and should receive routine (~weekly) preventative fungicide application for late blight management.
Early Blight Management: PDays are exceeding the threhold of 300 for early planted potatoes in Grand Marsh, Hancock, and Plover areas. Totals are rapidly accumulating with higher temperatures. For more information about fungicide selections, please see the Potato section of the A3422 Commercial Vegetable Production Guide for Wisconsin, 2020. https://cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0145/8808/4272/files/A3422-2020.pdf
National late blight update: No new reports of late blight on tomato or potato in this past week, as per https://usablight.org/map/ . Previous reports documented the disease in FL and AL.
National cucurbit downy mildew update: No downy mildew reported from WI at this time. Over the past week, an additional southeastern county of Michigan reported the disease on cucumber, as did parts of OH, Ontario Canada, NY, NJ, VA and MD. Below, I include a map of US with counties in green indicating recent reports of cucurbit downy mildew and red counties indicating reports of greater than 7 days. Additionally, a forecast for Sunday 7/12/2020 for risk of pathogen movement. No forecasted movement of the pathogen in our direction, with prevailing air moving eastward. However, the rapid movement of the pathogen over the past 2 weeks, coupled with favorable hot and humid weather, governs need for preventative fungicide applications to limit initial infections.